This file explains ways to bootstrap pkgsrc. If you have problems, check the following page:
For more information on bootstrapping pkgsrc, see links below:
Bootstraping, for me, is necessary in two situations:
1. You are using NetBSD (or not) but you don't want to put your packages in
the default location (packages in
/usr/pkg and database in
2. You are not using NetBSD, but you want to use pkgsrc.
3. You want to have parallel installations of pkgsrc.
All problems can be addressed running the script
the pkgsrc distribution. To address problem 1 (no matter if you are using
NetBSD or not), you just have to pass some parameters to the bootstrap script.
If you want to put your packages in the default place, just run the script, as root:
# cd /usr/pkgsrc/bootstrap # ./bootstrap --prefix /usr/upkg --varbase /usr/upkg/var
--varbase options are optional.
At the end of the process, there should be a workable version of the tools
needed to make pkgsrc work where you bootstrapped it (the directory you passed
--prefix option or
/usr/pkg), like BSD
make and others.
Problem 2 have the same process.
Problem 3 arise if you want to test pkgsrc but don't want to mess up your default pkgsrc installation. In this case, you might want to install both pkgsrc source code and the binary files place in different places other than the default one:
# cd tmp # tar zxf pkgsrc.tar.gz # mv pkgsrc /usr/upkgsrc # cd /usr/upkgsrc/bootstrap # ./bootstrap --prefix /usr/upkg --varbase /usr/upkg/var
System specific issues and tips
Chroot'ed Bootstrapped Debian
In a Debian-like system (like Ubuntu or Debian itself), some can chroot a
small Debian environment easily with the
debootstrap command. The
following command downloads Debian Lenny basic packages and setup its
environment under the
# debootstrap lenny chroot
You can chroot to this area::
# chroot chroot
Once you entered in chroot, you should install some basic packages that make pkgsrc work::
# apt-get install gcc g++ make # apt-get install ncurses-dev # apt-get install xorg-dev # apt-get install groff
One thing of those distributions, is that
/bin/sh is a symbolic link to
/bin/dash, which doesn't work with pkgsrc. To make it work, make
/bin/sh point to
# cd /bin # mv sh sh_ # ln -s bash sh
Important: Note that just setting
SH variable to
/bin/bash doesn't work,
because it will try to use
/bin/sh when building your packages and you
may get problems (TODO: dahm... I have to document the problem I had for
Lastly, create a link for your X libraries and headers::
# cd /usr # mv X11R6 X11R6_ # ln -s . X11R6
Now the system is ready to bootstrap pkgsrc.